In this post will see about the basics of Active Directory Users and Computers, what is the use of Active Directory Users and Computers and how do you Manage Active Directory
Before entering into this topic let’s see what active Directory is first.
Active Directory is a database that keeps track of all the user accounts and passwords in your organization. It allows you to store your user accounts and passwords in one protected location, improving your organization’s security.
Active Directory (AD) is a directory service that was developed by Microsoft for Windows domain networks. It is included in most Windows Server operating systems as a set of processes and services. Initially, Active Directory was only in charge of centralized domain management.
A server running Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) is called a domain controller which authenticates and authorizes all users and computers in a Windows domain type network by assigning and enforcing security policies for all computers and installing or updating software.
Features of Active Directory
- Active Directory as a namespace that is integrated with the Internet’s Domain Name System (DNS).
- Active Directory – A new directory service central to the Windows Server operating system, runs only on domain controllers.
- Operating system directory services, such as AD, provide user, computer, and shared resource management.
Now you will getting an idea of what is Active Directory and need of AD to an Network Environment. Let’s get into our Current Topic.
Active Directory Users And Computers
Active Directory Users and Computers is a Microsoft Management Console (MMC) snap-in that you can use to administer, Mange and publish information in the directory.
The following options can be manage through the Active Directory Users and Computers console.
- Managing Users
- Managing Computers
- Managing Groups
- Managing Domains
- Managing Organizational Units
Will see about the various options that are available in Active Directory Users and Computers console in detail.
Managing Users in Active Directory Users and Computers console, since most of them will have idea about the options available.
Below are the lists of options available to Manage User accounts.
- Create a New User Account
- Reset a User Password
- Copy a User Account
- Move a User Account
- Set Logon Hours
- Disable or Enable a User Account
- Map a Certificate to a User Account
- Change a User’s Primary Group
- Delete a User Account
Similar to the Users accounts we can perform the same options for Computers too.
- Create a New Computer Account
- Add a Computer Account to a Group
- Delete a Computer Account
- Manage a Remote Computer
- Move a Computer Account
- Reset a Computer Account
- Disable or Enable a Computer Account
Below are the lists of options available to Manage Groups.
- Create a New Group
- Add a Member to a Group
- Convert a Group to another Type
- Change Group Scope
- Delete a Group
We can use Active Directory Users and Computers console to connect to a specific domain or domain controller (If we have more than one domain controller)
Also we can view or manage the directory information for that domain or domain controller.
Managing Organizational Units
Below are the lists of options available to Manage Groups
- Create a New Organizational Unit
- Delete an Organizational Unit
- Move an Organizational Unit
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